There is an urgent need to implement and amend labor laws
The Constitution of the Republic of Pakistan states that exploitation of society will be eliminated. Citizens and workers will be provided with basic necessities of life. It is also written in the Constitution of Pakistan that underage children and workers will have the basic right to work and eliminate discrimination against women and workers will have the basic right to form associations. The state will provide workers with a healthy work environment, social justice and social pensions. Pakistan is a key member of the International Labor Organization (ILO) among the 184 member countries of the world. Pakistan has ratified the ILO Convention, under which the government has the responsibility to implement legislation for the welfare of workers. Pakistan has more than 72 federal and provincial labor laws in place for the welfare of workers, but only about 8% of the labor officers are appointed to enforce these laws for millions of workers. That is why, despite the existence of labor laws:
بچے لاکھ Millions of children under the age of fourteen are working hard due to the poverty of their parents.
باوجود باوجود Despite the prohibition on forced labor in the constitution, many people are forced to work in the fields of certain industries and feudal lords. There is no end to discrimination against women at work and they lack equal pay for equal work.
…… …… The state has a responsibility to provide workers with a healthy work environment and to protect them from accidents and occupational diseases, but despite the Workers Protection Act 1926, according to the ILO report, coal mines in Pakistan, especially in Balochistan, I have the highest number of accidents, as well as electricity, chemicals, engineering and railways. The number of workers in the country is in agriculture, there is no wage and no protection for them at work. No law.
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The Minimum Wages Act, 1965 stipulates that the government will increase the wages of workers every year in line with inflation, but in almost two years, despite the doubling of inflation, the wages of workers have not been increased. * Pakistan Industrial and Commercial Employment Ordinance 1968 stipulates that employees of industrial and commercial establishments with 9 months of service should be made permanent, but for years these employees work on contract or temporary basis.
…… …… Paying Wages Act 1936 stipulates that if the workers do not receive their wages on time, the employer will be fined only Rs.500 which is equivalent to non-payment. ٭ دو The Workers’ Welfare Ordinance 1971 is in force. Its financial resources are vested in the federal government. In the 18th Amendment, labor matters are assigned to the provincial government, but the federal and provincial governments do not have to settle its financial resources. The right of workers to form associations and collective bargaining is guaranteed in the Constitution of Pakistan and the ILO Conventions, but it lacks implementation. In these circumstances, the federal and provincial governments and It is the duty of the National and Provincial Assemblies not only to enforce the prevailing labor laws, but also to bring them in line with the Constitution of the Republic of Pakistan and the ratified conventions of the International Labor Organization and to implement the Tripartite Labor Conference.